“We will create an autonomous Digital Ministry, detached from the Ministry of Territorial Cohesion”. In her digital manifesto, presidential candidate Anne Hidalgo seeks above all to stand out from other candidates. With this proposal, the latter wishes to recreate territorial cohesion and bring digital technology fairly to all regions. To date, “3% of our territories are not covered by any internet network” specifies the candidate. It thus wishes to deploy the network in all territories, even the most remote ones and to intensify the flow. “We will take care not to create two types of territories, at two different speeds, in terms of internet access. This is why we will propose that each 5G antenna installation involves the coverage of three high-speed fiber intermunicipalities”.
However, this deployment in white areas must be accompanied by digital inclusion for all. As a result, Anne Hidalgo announces that she wants to “double the number of digital caregivers present in the country, going from 4,000 people to 8,000” adding that “every individual will have access to a France Services establishment in less than 20 minutes by car”. An equipment voucher worth 500 euros is also on the agenda. “This will make it possible to finance the obtaining or purchase of digital devices necessary for economic activity (computers, connected tablets). This aid will be accompanied by an obligation to follow a training course dedicated to the use of digital technology”.
Take the road to sovereignty
Like other candidates, Anne Hidalgo aims for digital sovereignty through the support of start-ups in the sector and the development of sovereign technologies. “Rather than limiting itself to a role of distributing subsidies to these companies, the State will directly ensure public orders for start-ups”. This measure “will guarantee the purchase of the best materials on the market and will make it possible to obtain efficient tools for our public services”. Despite a key role recognized by users, “these state start-ups are currently financially under-endowed” believes the socialist candidate who proposes to increase their annual budget.
During her speech at Station F last February, the socialist candidate glorified the incubator, “an example of French success” adding that France “must provide French champions”. With a view to sovereignty, the candidate also wants to develop a French cloud, “hand in hand with local authorities by founding a Sraddet (Regional scheme for planning, sustainable development and equality of territories) of digital . The latter “will impose the storage of the most sensitive data within French data centers while requiring more transparency from software on the places where their data is hosted”.
Strengthen IS security
The same goes for the cybersecurity ecosystem, indicates the candidate, who wishes to further promote the cybermalveillance.gouv.fr site in conjunction with Anssi and the specialized gendarmes to raise awareness among the entire population and better train all employees on basic cybersecurity gestures. On this point, Anne Hidalgo affirms her desire to better equip the regions. “Computer incident response teams will be deployed and cybersecurity will be integrated “into the regional plans for economic development, internationalization and innovation (SRDEII) in order to raise awareness among local communities”. Similarly, national cyber risk prevention plans will be drawn up in order to coordinate the response of public authorities and private players in the event of a systemic digital attack affecting a significant proportion of French people. Believing that this must go through training, the socialist candidate announces that everyone will be trained in basic gestures, in technology courses in college and throughout life.
In addition, it wishes to prohibit the insurability of ransomware “to prevent computer attacks (phishing, malware, etc.) from being paid for in cryptocurrency, without justice being able to prosecute the attackers. This must also pass “by a European regulation, and by an express legislative provision in the insurance code” to strengthen the protection of the actors. The PS also plans to design a national and European strategy for the development of cryptoassets, through the adoption of anti-trust legislation, the harmonization of national legislation and the adoption of a European regulatory framework for the management of cryptocurrencies. and blockchain.
As a reminder, last June, the Senate presented around twenty proposals aimed at preventing cyberattacks, including the prohibition of payment by insurance companies for ransomware. Senator PS, Rémi Cardon, co-author of this information report on corporate cybersecurity, believes in particular that the development of telework, fiber, and cryptocurrencies increase the exposure surface of companies, adding that VSEs and SMEs are a bit of a hole in the racket on this point.
The Gafam fined
We also find in the socialist’s program several measures against Gafam and foreign e-commerce platforms. “A clear rule must guide the content present on social networks; better moderation requires imposing transparency on Gafam on the means and algorithms used to administer content in French on their platforms,” she announces. Beyond this minimum threshold of moderation, the second step would be to sanction the Gafam who contravene these measures. In addition, these firms will be encouraged to work in the fight against global warming through a labeling system. “In order to prevent these companies from acting solely for profit through simple greenwashing, this policy will be strictly supervised by State services”. For each activity, the platforms will have to indicate their carbon footprint, so that the consumer can, if necessary, move towards the least polluting solutions.
The platforms will also have to align themselves with French law. Anne Hidalgo announces that she wants to put an “end to the situation of workers linked to digital platforms, such as delivery people, considered today as self-employed workers when they have no control over their working conditions and remuneration”. In fact, it specifies that the law will establish in their favor a presumption of employment so that they have access to all the rights of employees (minimum wage, social protection, etc.). Through this measure, the candidate targets in particular VTC and delivery platforms such as Uber, Uber Eats, Deliveroo, etc. In a report published in December 2021, the European Commission estimates the number of people working through these platforms at more than 28 million. However, 5.5 million people are said to be self-employed without actually being so. On the other hand, the warehouses of e-commerce platforms will be imposed a taxation similar to other commercial surfaces, details the candidate.